Past Features

This page lists out the IEM Daily Features for a month at a time. Features have been posted on most days since February 2002. List all feature titles.

Features for May 2014

Thu May 01, 2014
Another cold month
01 May 2014 05:40 AM
The featured chart presents the monthly average temperature departures from present day climatology for Ames. April was the seventh month in a row below average for Ames. Based on preliminary data, the past six months have seen temperatures at least 2 degrees colder than average making for the longest such streak for Ames on record. Previous longest was five months in 1947. The El-Nino 3.4 index value is overlain on the plot for comparison.
Voting: Good - 15 Bad - 7

Tags:   cold  
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Fri May 02, 2014
Another Wet April
02 May 2014 05:38 AM
This April continued the recent trend of having Aprils with above average precipitation. The featured chart shows the monthly precipitation departures for the past 22 years for Ames. Each colored cell represents a past month and year. The highlighted cells illustrate our recent history being having a wet April and a dry summer. The forecast for the first week of May looks mostly dry with better chances of rain arriving next week. At least it is not snowing like it was this time last year!
Voting: Good - 51 Bad - 15

Tags:   april  
Mon May 05, 2014
First 80
05 May 2014 05:37 AM
Temperatures for the recent past have been a struggle with our last day in the 80s back on Easter Sunday. This looks to change this week with 80s forecasted to return to Iowa. The featured map presents the average first date of 80+ degree temperatures for the year and those locations have have hit 80+ degrees so far. As with previous plots like this for 2014, the eastern portion of the Midwest has been the furthest behind. The impact of being next to the Great Lakes can clearly been seen as it takes those areas the longest with all the cold water nearby.
Voting: Good - 25 Bad - 7

Tags:   80  
Tue May 06, 2014
Regaining 50
06 May 2014 05:37 AM
The past few days of sunshine and warmer temperatures have helped warm soil temperatures back above the critical 50 degree level. The featured chart presents a time series of four inch depth soil temperatures for each of the past 26 years with a simple average plotted in black. 50 degrees in an important threshold for crop growth and you can see that the further we get into May, the much less likely it is to breach this level to the downside. Wet soils are the current limiting factor for crop planting progress this spring and rainfall is in the forecast with the best chance on Thursday.
Voting: Good - 19 Bad - 4

Tags:   soiltemp  
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Wed May 07, 2014
First 90 of the year
07 May 2014 05:36 AM
Hitting 90 degrees for the first time this year appears possible for parts of Iowa on Wednesday. The featured map presents the average first date of 90+ degrees with those locations already over 90 this year denoted by an x. Iowa is shown ranging from mid May over western Iowa to early June over eastern Iowa. So hitting 90 today would be a bit early, but we will certainly take it after a long and cold winter season. Note that years whereby 90 degrees was not hit were not included in the analysis.
Voting: Good - 88 Bad - 5

Tags:   90  
Thu May 08, 2014
First High Temperatures
08 May 2014 05:39 AM
Des Moines hit 90 degrees for the first time this year on Tuesday. This was about four weeks earlier than long term average. The featured chart presents the average first date of the year for a given high temperature and the dates for just 2014. For some temperature thresholds, this year was earlier than average and for others later. Temperatures on Thursday will be cooler with chances of thunderstorms, some of them being severe.
Voting: Good - 23 Bad - 4

Tags:   highs  
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Fri May 09, 2014
Short Term Up, Long Term Down
09 May 2014 05:37 AM
Drought conditions are very difficult to quantify as intense short term precipitation events can seem excessive, but not make up for long term deficits. The featured chart shows the 30, 90, and 365 day trailing departures of statewide averaged precipitation. The recent past has seen short term excesses while the long term has gone negative, how could that be? Last spring was the wettest spring on record for the state, so this spring has not been as wet. For the 365 day average, the extremely wet period from 2013 is being replaced by less wet conditions this year. As the window marches forward, this trend will likely continue.
Voting: Good - 53 Bad - 8

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Mon May 12, 2014
Year of Last Tornado Warning
12 May 2014 05:44 AM
Thankfully, the high end tornado threat did not materialize in Iowa on Mother's Day, but there were still a number of storms producing brief tornadoes. The featured map presents the year of the last tornado warning issued by the NWS for a given county. Please note that current warnings are "storm based" and issued for a polygon area, but they are still associated with counties. The map shows Allamakee County with the longest warning drought in the state. Severe weather is possible again today with the highest threat over eastern Iowa.
Voting: Good - 22 Bad - 3

Tags:   tornado  
Tue May 13, 2014
May Rain
13 May 2014 05:42 AM
The recent numerous rounds of thunderstorms has relented and the precipitation totals for May have been impressive in some locations in the state. The featured map presents estimates by the NOAA MRMS project showing the highest totals over southern and western Iowa. As with the heavy rains of April, some parts of the state have missed out. Those include southeastern and northwestern Iowa. The near term forecast has cold conditions and only light amounts of precipitation.
Voting: Good - 16 Bad - 5

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Wed May 14, 2014
Below Average GDDs
14 May 2014 05:37 AM
The cool weather is back with high temperatures on Tuesday struggling in the 50s. Growing Degree Days are a long used metric with direct applications to plant development. The featured chart presents the 15 April to 13 May GDDs accumulations for each year since 1970. Four of the past five years have seen much below average accumulations This computation was done with a base temperature of 50 degrees Fahrenheit which means when the temperature is barely above this level, few units are accumulated.
Voting: Good - 14 Bad - 8

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Thu May 15, 2014
Since 1 December
15 May 2014 05:37 AM
The featured chart presents a time series of air temperature from the Ames Airport weather station since the first of December. The shaded bars indicate the daily high and low temperature climatology range. The recent few days have seen cold temperatures, but have stayed well above freezing for the Ames area. The last freezing temperatures were in mid April. The chart also shows our most recent winter season and while there were very cold periods, there were also warm periods. These swings were thanks to limited snow cover, which allows temperatures more freedom on the warm side. Temperatures are expected to warm this weekend and be back in the 70s for highs next week.
Voting: Good - 20 Bad - 10

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Fri May 16, 2014
Cold May Day
16 May 2014 05:37 AM
Thursday was a very cold day in Iowa for May with highs struggling to reach 50 degrees and some locations reporting frozen precipitation. The featured chart looks at the hourly temperature reports from the Des Moines Airport versus long term hourly climatology for the middle of May. The bottom chart shows the hourly temperature percentiles with lower numbers indicating more extreme cold. Needless to say, we should be at much warmer levels than those on Thursday. Friday is starting off very cold as well with frost expected over much of the state this morning.
Voting: Good - 38 Bad - 10

Tags:   may14  
Mon May 19, 2014
Move to Anchorage
19 May 2014 05:36 AM
After an ugly stretch of cold weather last week, this weekend was delightful with sunshine and pleasant high temperatures. It was even warmer in Waterloo than Anchorage Alaska again on Sunday! The featured chart compares the daily high temperatures this year between the sites. The red bars indicate days that were warmer in Ames and the blue bars are for Anchorage. The black line represents the daily difference in high temperature climatology (it should be warmer for Waterloo on average). The totals for warmest days this year shows Anchorage winning! Before you decide to move there for warmer weather, much warmer air will be here for this week with highs near 80 and highs for Anchorage near 60!
Voting: Good - 20 Bad - 2

Tags:   alaska  
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Tue May 20, 2014
Recent Freezing Reports
20 May 2014 05:37 AM
Late last week and into the weekend experienced some very cold temperatures for mid May with the featured map display reports of sub freezing temperatures. The red crosses are reports below 29 degrees Fahrenheit and the blue squares are reports between 29 and 32 degrees. Temperatures can vary dramatically even with modest terrain differences, so many low laying areas in Iowa probably had frost on them at some point. Warmer weather this week and warm over night temperatures will help warm the soils back up and help crop development.
Voting: Good - 15 Bad - 5

Tags:   may14  
Wed May 21, 2014
Model insistence
21 May 2014 05:36 AM
The HRRR model is a recently developed weather prediction system run by NOAA that forecasts weather out for 15 hours and run 24 times per day (each hour). For any given time, there are 15 previous forecasts made for that time. On Tuesday, successive HRRR runs were predicting storm development in western Iowa just northeast of Council Bluffs. The featured map displays the frequency of where the forecasted storm development would be at 4 PM. The higher percentages imply more insistence that the model believed storm development would occur at that location. The inset image shows the actual RADAR presentation at 4 PM and sure enough, the HRRR was mostly correct with the initial development! Please note that a smoother was applied to the data to aid in this comparison.
Voting: Good - 25 Bad - 11

Tags:   hrrr  
Thu May 22, 2014
Ames Rainfall Gradient
22 May 2014 05:38 AM
Last fall, the IEM gave a presentation on the tedium involved with answering the question of how much did it rain in Ames? With life imitating art, the storm on Tuesday evening produced an amazing rainfall gradient over Ames with CoCoRaHS reports in nothern Ames below two inches and the Airport reporting 3.03! A bunch of hail fell with the storms as well. The airport sensor reported 1.6 inches in just 20 minutes!
Voting: Good - 23 Bad - 3

Tags:   ames  
Fri May 23, 2014
Quick Three Inches
23 May 2014 05:37 AM
The rainfall on Tuesday evening for Ames came very quickly as shown by the featured chart of one minute interval precipitation from the airport weather sensor. The chart displays extrapolated rainfall rates based on the one minute data over different periods. Thankfully, the most intense rainfall rates only last for a few minutes, but they accumulate quickly. The three inches of rain came in a period of less than 45 minutes! For Iowa and flat topography, this is about as intense a rainfall as we can get.
Voting: Good - 62 Bad - 24

Tags:   ames   heavyrain  
Tue May 27, 2014
Memorial Days
27 May 2014 05:41 AM
The featured chart presents Memorial Day high temperatures and average wind speeds for Des Moines since 1971. This year's holiday featured pleasant temperatures and light winds. There were storms for much of the weekend, but they did not persist long so it was not a washout. Memorial Day weekend is considered by some as the start of summer and the forecast this week sure looks like it with highs in the low 80s and lows in the 60s with chances of isolated storms.
Voting: Good - 15 Bad - 4

Tags:   memorialday  
Wed May 28, 2014
2014 Humidity Levels
28 May 2014 05:43 AM
It has felt more like summer recently as the dew point has reached the mid 60s. The featured chart presents the climatology of mixing ratio, which is a linear measure of the amount of water in the air, and the levels so far this year. The bottom chart shows the daily departure from long term climatology. The cold temperatures this year have an impact on lowering humidity levels as cold air potentially holds less water than warmer air. We are still a month and a half away from the muggiest time of the year (mid July).
Voting: Good - 16 Bad - 6
Thu May 29, 2014
80 over sub 50
29 May 2014 05:36 AM
For a brief moment on Wednesday, the air temperature for Mason City was 80 degrees with a dew point below 50. This makes for rather comfortable conditions. How rare is this combination of warm temperatures and dry humidities? The featured chart presents the frequency of such a combination for Mason City and for comparison to a more humid climate, Mobile Alabama. Please note that these frequencies are for events when the temperature was 80 or above. Of course, the spring and fall seasons are the more likely times for this combination as there is much less transpiring vegetation that put a floor on our dew points in the summertime.
Voting: Good - 15 Bad - 8
Fri May 30, 2014
April / May Departures
30 May 2014 05:34 AM
The featured map presents estimated precipitation departure from average for the April + May period this year. The wettest part of the state for this period has been over central to northeastern Iowa. The northwestern and southeastern corners have the lowest totals. The most recent US Drought Monitor resembles this map with the driest depictions in the aforementioned areas. There are chances of rain in the forecast for the weekend with the best chances arriving early next week.
Voting: Good - 27 Bad - 18

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Features for May 2014